Synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of some 2,5 disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives

Elham Jafari, Tahereh Mohammadi, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Farshid Hassanzadeh

Abstract


1,3,4-oxadiazoles are interesting compounds because of their valuable biological effects such as cytotoxic, antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-tubercular activities. Ethyl mandelate was treated with hydrazine hydrate to yield the corresponding acylhydrazide. Some of the 2,5 disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives were prepared from acylhydrazide using three different procedures. In the first procedure, acylhydrazide was reacted with nitro or chloro aroyle chloride to afford a diacylhydrazide which was cyclized to 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazole in the presence of phosphoryl chloride as dehydrating agent. In the second procedure, furan-oxadiazole derivative was directly prepared from carboxylic acid and acylhydrazide in one step. In the third procedure, acyl hydrazide was condensed with 5-nitrofuraldehyde to yield 5-nitrofuran-2-yl) methylene)-2-phenyl acetohydrazide intermediate which was cyclized to form the nitrofuran-oxadiazole derivative by acetic anhydride as dehydrating agent. The structures of these compounds have been elucidated by spectral IR and 1H-NMR analysis. All the newly synthesized compounds were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activities. Compounds F3 and F4 showed remarkable antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria.


Keywords


Oxadiazole; Mandelate; Antimicrobial

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