The effects of increasing PGE2 on translocation of labeled albumin into rat brain

M Messripour, A Mesripour, FJ Mashayekhie

Abstract


Under pathophysiological conditions, infiltration of leukocyte plays a key role in the progressionof the neuroinflammatory reaction in the CNS. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is known to accumulate at lesion sites of the post-ischemic brain. Although post-ischemic treatments with cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors reduce blood-brain barrier (BBB) leukocyte infiltration, the direct effect of PGE2 on BBB has not been fully implemented. Therefore, the direct effect of increasing PGE2 infusion on translocation of labeled albumin into the brain was assessed. Under anesthesia rats were drilled stereo-taxicaly a burr hole in the right forebrain and PGE2 was infused into the forebrain and the hole was occluded. The animals were then injected with fluorescent labeled albumin (FA), via internal right jugular vein and decapitated at different infusion time points. The forebrain was removed and each forebrain hemisphere was homogenized and fluorescence intensities were measured in the supernatant. The fluorescence intensities measured in the right and left forebrain hemispheres of the control group (0.0 µg PGE2) were almost identical. Four hours after infusion of PGE2 at doses higher than 250 µg, fluorescence intensity increased in the right forebrain supernatant, even if it was not statistically significant. The fluorescence intensity was detectable in the brain supernatant 4 h after infusion of PGE2 in doses higher than 250 µg PGE2. The highest fluorescence intensity was 16 h after infusion of 500 µg PGE2, which returned to near control values after 48 h. Increased fluorescence intensity in the brain following PGE2 infusion is concluded to be associated with disruption of the BBB.


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