In vitro cytotoxic evaluation of some synthesized COX-2 inhibitor derivatives against a panel of human cancer cell lines

H Sadeghi-Aliabadi, M Aliasgharluo, A Fattahi, M Mirian, M Ghanadian


Celecoxib is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) developed as a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis disease. Recently some other mechanisms have been identified for anti cancer activity of these agents including induction of apoptosis, inhibition of tumor vascularization, stimulation of antitumor immune responses and inhibition of cellular protein synthesis. The cytotoxic effects of four synthesisized analogues of celecoxib (coded as D, E, F and G) were evaluated against Hela , MDA-MB-231, A-2780-s and HT-29 cancer cells, using MTT assay; Also their induction of apoptosis using DNA fragmentation analysis were studied. MTT assay showed that cell survival percent of  COX-2 positive cell lines (HT-29, MDA-MB-231 and Hela; p≤0.05) were decreased significantly after exposure to the tested COX-2 inhibitors while little effect was observed on the COX-2 negative cell line (A-2780-s). Results also showed that A-2780-s and Hela were the most resistant and the most sensitive cell lines to these compounds, respectively. Moreover, in DNA fragmentation assay, induction of apoptosis was confirmed by electrophoretic pattern of separated DNA fragments in Hela cell line. Compounds E and G in comparison with D and F exerted more cytotoxic effect on COX-2 positive cell lines (Hela, HT-29 and MDA-MB-231). This could be due to the hydrophobic substituent (Cl, CH3) located at the para position of phenyl ring leading to more lipophilicity and cell uptake. In addition, these COX-2 inhibitors induced apoptosis on Hela cell-line, which could be considered as one of the cytotoxic mechanisms of these compounds as potential anti cancer agents.

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Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.